PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF ECOTOURISM IN KERALA: SOME EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ‘KUMBALANGI’ PANCHAYAT IN ERNAKULAM DISTRICT

  • SHIHABUDHEEN N Ph.D Research Scholar Department of Applied Economics Cochin University of Science and Technology Kochi, Kerala - 682 022 (INDIA)
Keywords: Ecotourism, Kerala Tourism,

Abstract

Worldwide tourism is recognized by the governments as a sector with high potential for economic development and employment generation. International agencies like World Tourism Organization (WTO) have underscored the vast developmental potential of tourism particularly for the developing nations like India. It is estimated that economies like India and China would emerge as the superpowers in world tourism by the years 2020. In spite of the appreciable growth in tourism over the last few years and the excellent growth prospects of the industry, there are growing apprehensions regarding the sustainability of tourism as a development paradigm primarily because of the adverse environmental impacts of tourism. It is widely believed that environment friendly tourism alone can be sustainable for development in the long run, and accordingly the concept of ‘Ecotourism’ is gaining significance day by day. In this context, this paper seeks to make an overall review of the current status of Indian tourism and its broad trends and patterns with a focus on Kerala tourism and its major problems and prospects, and also to make an empirical study of a typical ecotourism destination viz. ‘Kumbalangi’ in Ernakulam district of Kerala state which is recognized as the first model tourism village in the whole of India.. Key Terms: Tourism Vision 2020, Eco tourism, Sustainability.

Author Biography

SHIHABUDHEEN N, Ph.D Research Scholar Department of Applied Economics Cochin University of Science and Technology Kochi, Kerala - 682 022 (INDIA)
I am a Ph.D research scholar associated with Department of Applied Economics (DAE), Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), Kochi,Kerala -682022 (INDIA).I am doing research under the guidance of Dr. Manoj P K, Assistant Professor, DAE, CUSAT.

References

(1) Brundtland G.H. (1987), The Brundtland Report, World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford University Press.
(2) Bhardwaj, D.S, Kandari, O.P et. al. (1998), Domestic Tourism in India, Indus Publishing Company, New Delhi., First Edition.
(3) Chatak, G.R. (2007), Sustainable Tourism Codes and Guidelines, Cyber-Tech Publications, Daryaganj, New Delhi, First Edition.
(4) Economic Review, Kerala State Planning Board, Government of Kerala, for the years 2008 to 2012.
(5) Kabia, Sunil K. (2005), Tourism and Environment, Mohit Publications, New Delhi, First Edition.
(6) Lane, B. (1991), “Sustainable Tourism, a new culture for the Interpreter”, Interpretation Journal, Vol. 49.
(7) Manoj, P K, (2008), “Sustainable Tourism in India: A Study from a Global Perspective with Focus on Tourism Prospects of Kerala”, Proceedings of Second International Conference on Responsible Tourism in Destinations, 21-24 March, 2008, p.7. Also available online in the Official website of Responsible Tourism Conferences at: http://www.artyforum.info/documents/MicrosoftWord-MANOJ-Poster.pdf
(8) Manoj, P. K., (2009), “Environment Friendly Tourism for Sustainable Economic Development in India”, International Journal of Commerce and Business Management (IJCBM), pp.139-147.
(9) Manoj, P. K., (2010), “Tourism in Kerala: A Study of the Imperatives and Impediments with Focus on Ecotourism”, Saaransh RKG Journal of Management, Vol. 1, No. 2, Jan. 2010, pp.78-82.
(10) Nigam, Satish C. (2006), Ecotourism and Sustainable Development, Rajat Publications, New Delhi, First Edition.
(11) Oommen, M. A., (2008), “Reforms and the Kerala Model”, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. XLIII, No.2, Jan. 12-18, 2008, pp. 22-25.
(12) Rajan, J. (2005), “Eco-tourism Development: International Covenants”, in Sarngadharan, M & Raju, G. (Eds.) (2005), Tourism and Sustainable Economic Development: Indian and Global Perspectives, New Century Publications, New Delhi.
(13) Sarngadharan, M & Raju, G. (Eds.) (2005), Tourism and Sustainable Economic Development: Indian and Global Perspectives, New Century Publications, New Delhi.
(14) Sinha, P.C, (2006), Global Tourism, Sustainable Tourism & Ecotourism: Code of Ethics, Charter, Guidelines, Resolutions, SBS Publishers & Distributors Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
(15) Sundaram, I.S., “Tourism: India Awakens to ‘Incredible’ Opportunities’, Business and Economic Facts for You, Dec. 2007, Vol. 28, No.3, pp.7-10.
(16) Verma, Jagdish (2007), Dynamics of Indian Tourism Issues and Challenges, Cyber-Tech Publications, Daryaganj, New Delhi, First Edition.
(17) White Paper on Ecotourism Policy (Draft), ATREE, April, pp 4-5. (2006).
(18) Official websites of World Tourism Organisation (WTO), World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), Kerala Tourism (Government of Kerala), and Incredible India (Government of India).
(19) Official website of EcoIndia, www.ecoindia.com/kerala.html.
Published
04-01-2013
How to Cite
N, S. (2013). PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF ECOTOURISM IN KERALA: SOME EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ‘KUMBALANGI’ PANCHAYAT IN ERNAKULAM DISTRICT. Journal of Global Economy, 8(4), 293-306. Retrieved from http://www.rcssindia.org/jge/index.php/jge/article/view/259
Section
Articles