Impact of Horizontal Learning Program in Capacity Building of Union Parishad in Bangladesh
This study attempts to investigate the impact of Horizontal Learning Program (HLP) in capacity building of Union Parishad in Bangladesh. In this study, six Union Parishads (UPs) were selected under five divisions of Bangladesh purposively with different identical nature like where the HLP concept was already disseminated, which UPs were already used for piloting of HLP and which were the best performer of HLP good practice. Horizontal Learning Program (HLP) was initiated in November 2007 as a one-year pilot by Local Government Division (LGD) with support from WSP in collaboration with Swiss Development Corporation (SDC), Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP) of World Bank, Water Aid, Dhaka Ahsania Mission, Plan Bangladesh and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has been a partner organization of HLP since 2007. The study found that 97% of the UP Secretaries have knowledge about HLP. 76% UPs are currently involved with HLP whether 16% UPs are not currently involved with HLP. Out of 84 UPs 25 % have 1â‰¤2 number of good practices; 21 % have 3â‰¤4 number of good practices; 17 % have 5â‰¤6 good practices; 13 % have 7â‰¤8 good practices and 11 % had 10 + good practices. The study also reveals that 75% UPs are satisfied with HLP activities. Furthermore, four overarching themes have identified which clearly represent the overall picture of HLP, such as, how HLP contributed; was it supportive program for UPs; how it helped to enhance capacity of UPs; challenges and others.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. (2011). Population and housing census 2011: Bangladesh at a glance.
Bhuiyan, S. H. (2013a). Overview of HLP scaling.
Bhuiyan, S. H. (2013b). Results of the hearing from Horizontal Learning Program (HLP) partners conducted to inform: Assessment of the contribution of Horizontal Learning Program (HLP) to/from JICA projects in Bangladesh.
Boex, J., Lahiri, S., & ThÃ©voz, L. (2012). SDC local governance portfolio strategy review: A review of local governance in Bangladesh and implications for SDC.
Bushe, G. R. (2011). Appreciative inquiry: Theory and critique. In D. Boje, B. Burnes & J. Hassard (Eds.), The Routledge Companion To Organizational Change (pp. 87-103). Oxford, UK: Routledge.
CARE International. (2010). CARE's perspective on the MDGs: Building on success to accelerate progress towards 2015 MDG Summit, 20-22 September 2010.
Eade, D., 1997, â€œCapacity Building: an approach to people centered developmentâ€, Oxfam Publishing, P.24-35.
HLC. (2013). Upazila wise UP good practice matrix (FY 07-12).
JICA. (2008). Bangladesh Sustainable Arsenic Mitigation Under the Integrated Local Governance System: Terminal evaluation report.
JICA, & BRDB. (n.d.). Participaory Rural Development Project.
Lahiri, S. (2007). Project document on strengthening the capacities of local government institutions on improving water supply and sanitation services in Bangladesh.
MoHFW. (2013). Revitalization of Community Health Care Initiatives in Bangladesh Retrieved March 7, 2013, from http://www.communityclinic.gov.bd/about.php
MoLGRD&C/LGD, & Water and Sanitation Program. (2008a). Horizontal learning for strengthening capacities of local government institutions in Bangladesh: Report on the national dissemination workshop. Dhaka.
MoLGRD&C/LGD, & Water and Sanitation Program. (2008b). Horizontal Learning Program annual report: July 2007 - June 2008.