The Impact of COVID 19 on the Women Vendors of Ima Market, Manipur


  • Taibangnganbi RK SNDT Women's University, Mumbai
  • Dr. Sanjaykumar P. Phad SNDT Women's University, Mumbai



Covid 19, Ima Market, Women Vendors, Socio-economic status, Lockdown


The Ima Market in Manipur is an all-women market which is also regarded as the largest in Asia. Men are not permitted to sell, do business or own a store of their own, but they can buy anything they wish, and they are often allowed to work as labourers for transporting heavy goods. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) began in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, and spread around the world, causing a global pandemic. Lockdowns were enforced in many parts of the world, and their effects were felt by everyone, including the women vendors of Ima Market. They also play an important part in the state's economy. However, this specific market was closed for ten months. As a result, it is vital to investigate the impact of its closure due to the lockdown including their socioeconomic situation and the resulting financial instability.
The study delves into the difficulties faced by the women sellers of Ima market during the lockdown. It also analyses the impact of their income drop, the hardships faced by their families along with the alternative ways they opted for in order to earn their livelihood. In addition to this, the paper also studies the socio-economic impact of the lockdown including the availability of food during the closure of the market.


Samom, S (January 22, 2021). Covid-19: 10 months on, women running Imphal market seek to reopen shop. Hindustan times. Retrieved from:

Samon, S (January 22, 2020). Covid-19: 10 months on, women running Imphal market seek to reopen shop. Hindustan Times. Retrieved from:

Chakrabati, A & Longkumer, Y (September 6, 2020). Caught between Covid & hunger, women at Imphal ‘mother’s market’ are struggling to survive. The Print. Retrieved from:

Chen, M (2020). COVID-19, Cities and Urban Informal Workers: India in Comparative Perspective. The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 63,41–46 Retrieved from - DOI:

Pandey, H &(June 10,2020). Policy Push: Street vendors’ livelihoods in post-covid world. Economic Times. Retrieved from-

Kaur, S (August 10, 2020). What Does COVID-19 Mean for The Livelihood of Women Street Vendors?. Breakthrough. Retrieved from-

Haleem, A, Javaid, M & Vaishya, R (April 3,2020). Effects of COVID-19 pandemic in daily life. Curr Med Res Pract. 2020 March-April; 10(2): 78–79. Retrieved from - DOI:

Khadiya, H & Shah, A (October 26, 2020). Covid-19: A shockwave for street vendors in India. Social Political Association. Retrieved from -

Majithia, A & Sinha, S (July 10, 2020). For Street Hawkers Stripped of Their Livelihood, Direct Income Transfers Can Ease Distress. The Wire. Retrieved from -

Panwar, T (2017). Women Market, Social Economic Impact, Case study on Ema Keithel (Women Market) Manipur India. International Journal of Advance Research and Development, 2(7), 44-46. Retrieved from -

Lahariya, K (June 2,2020). COVID-19 Spells Doom for an Already Shrinking Rural Female Workforce. Breakthrough. Retrieved from -

Chakraborty, S (May 2020). Impact of COVID 19 National Lockdown on Women Informal Workers in Delhi. Institute of Social Studies Trust. Retrieved from - DOI:




How to Cite

RK, T. and Phad, S. . . (2022) “The Impact of COVID 19 on the Women Vendors of Ima Market, Manipur”, Journal of Global Economy, 18(2), pp. 123–131. doi: 10.1956/jge.v18i2.641.