Tractorisation and Agricultural Development in India
Keywords:Tractorisation, Mechanization, Agriculture GDP
Technological innovations have had profound effect on agricultural sector in the post-Green Revolution period in India. With the inception of Green Revolution, mechanisation process, especially the application of tractor in agriculture sector had intensified. However, in 2000s, the pattern of mechanization has diversified slightly from the intensive tractorisation to other implements like, irrigation, fertilizer, harvester, energy and others. Using a time series data on tractorisation and agriculture GDP for 43 years, co-integration regression method was employed to understand short run equilibrium between the variables. Further, the Error Correction Model (ECM) result showed that elasticities of mechanization were 10.4 percent and 0.52 percent for the long-run and the short-run respectively. It implies that a positive impact of mechanization on agriculture GDP was found both in the short run and long-run.
Gujarati, Damodar N.; Dawn C. Porter, and Sngetha Gunasekar, 2011. Basic Econometrics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Ltd., (5th Edition).
Kulkarni, S. D., 2005. Mechanisation of Agriculture- Indian Scenario. Paper presented at the conference on the Technical Committee of APCAEM (21- 24 November), New Delhi. [accessed: http://www.unapcaem.org/Activities%20Files/A09105thTC/PPT/in-doc.pdf]
Manchikanti, P. and M. Sengupta, 2011. Agricultural Machinery in India: IPR Perspective. Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, Vol. 16 (March), pp. 163-169.
Ministry of Agriculture, 2012. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, New Delhi: Ministry of Agriculture.
Rijk, A.G., 1989. Agricultural Mechanization Policy and Strategy. Tokyo: Asian Productivity Organization.
RBI, 2011. Handbook of Statistics on Indian Economy. Mumbai: Reserve Bank of India.
Singh, Joginder, 2005. Scope, Progress and Constraints of Farm Mechanization in India. In Tyagi, K.; H. Bathla; and S. Sharma (Eds.), Status of Farm Mechanization in India. New Delhi: Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, Pages 48-56.
Singh, Roshan and B. B. Singh, 1972. Farm Mechanization in Western Uttar Pradesh: Problems of Farm Mechanization. Indian Society of Agricultural Economics Seminar Series No. 9 (February).
Verma, S. R., 2005. Impact of Agricultural Mechanisation on Production, Productivity, Cropping Intensity, Income Generation and Employment of Labour. In Tyagi, K.; H. Bathla; and S. Sharma (Eds.), Status of Farm Mechanization in India. New Delhi: Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, Pages 133-153.
Vishal, Bector; Suremdra Singh; Ajay Sharda and Amitabh Bansal (2008). Status and Recent Trends of Tractor Power in Indian Agriculture. Agricultural Engineering Today, 32(1): 16-26.
World Bank, 2012: World Development Indicators. Public Data, [Accessed on January 17, 2012: http://data.worldbank.org/data-cataln/world-development-indicators?cid=GPD_WDI]