Girl Child: An Inferior Good in India
Keywords:Indian demography, gender discrimination
AbstractThe term Sex ratio is defined â€œas the number of females per 1000 males in the populationâ€ (Census, 2001). It is an important social indicator to measure the extent of prevailing equity between males and females in a society at a given point of time. It is mainly the outcome of the interplay of sex differentials in mortality, sex selective migration, sex ratio at birth and at times the sex differential in population enumeration (Census, 2001). The sex ratio is an important indicator of womenâ€™s status in society. We examine whether a girl child is an â€œinferiorâ€ good, in that it has a negative income elasticity of demand. If that is so, the chance of a girl child being actually born would be lower than that for a male child for relatively well off households, even though the children actually born might then go on to receive equal human capital endowments.
How to Cite
Kumar, S. S. (2008) “Girl Child: An Inferior Good in India”, Journal of Global Economy, 4(4), pp. 309–321. doi: 10.1956/jge.v4i4.112.