DIGITALIZATION IN THE 21st CENTURY
impact on learning and doing
World is changing at dizzying speed. The Internet is not only fascinating buy is also rapidly affecting our work and life. How do we prepare students for jobs that have not yet been created, for technologies that have not yet been invented? It has been estimated that our current skill sets would last only “the next decade or two”. Knowledge is no longer limited to set theories or single idea or linear thinking. What is required is the capacity to think across disciplines, connect ideas and “construct information”. The distinguishing fact from fiction is essential in our digital age and requires, “the capacity of young people to see the world through different perspectives, appreciate different ideas, and be open to different cultures”. Information for tomorrow has to be for transformation. Hence “learn, unlearn, and relearn” is the modern mantra of education. In countries like India, where illiteracy and lack of education are still haunting is it possible to achieve digital empowerment and inclusive growth? Is digital disruption cost-effective? How to overcome technophobia? These are some of the research questions that this paper tries to address based on theoretical and empirical data. This paper explores ways and means of digitally empowering marginalised communities living in socio-economic backwardness and poverty. Our finding is that digitalization per se is a complex programme and evolves with the perception and participation of the stakeholders. It suggests blending of technological and human approaches that strengthen the enabling and evaluatory mechanisms of digital empowerment.
Keywords: Digitalization, empowerment, growth, India, information
Ainslee, J. (2018, April 28). Digitization of Education in the 21st Century. Retrieved on December 28, 2018 from https://elearningindustry.com/digitization-of-education-21st-century.
Anand, S. (2017, Aug 4). Online Education in India: Trends & Future Prospects. Retrieved on January 27, 2019 from https://www.shiksha.com/mba/articles/online-education-in-india-trends-future-prospects-blogId-14763
Doe, N.P; John, R; Sitti, M; & Thirunavukkarasu, N. (2018 July-Dec). Interactive E-Learning with Integrated Virtual Reality. Journal of Innovation in Computer Science and Engineering, 8(1), 1-5.
Georgia Gov., (n.d.). What is Digital Learning? Retrieved on January 27, 2019 from https://gosa.georgia.gov/what-digital-learning
Gohil, P. (2018, Nov 30). Digital Education - The Future of Learning. Retrieved on January 27, 2019 from https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/324081
Hans, V.B. (2018). Digital Empowerment and Inclusive Growth, International Journal of Current Research in Life Sciences, 07(06), 2296-2301.
Hetsevich, I. (2017, July 31). Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning Technologies for Students. Retrieved on December 27, 2018 from https://www.joomlalms.com/blog/guest-posts/elearning-advantages-disadvantages.html
Higgins, S; Xiao, Z; & Katsipataki, M. (2012). The Impact of Digital Technology on Learning: A Summary for the Education Endowment Foundation. Report, Durham University.
Jha, N. & Shenoy, V. (2016, October). Digitization of Indian Education Process: A Hope or Hype. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 18(10), 131-139. Retrieved on December 27, 2018 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309268032_Digitization_of_Indian_Education_Process_A_Hope_or_Hype
Kandhari, M.M. (2018, Dec 1). E-Learning Is Transforming The Face Of Education In India. Retrieved on January 27, 2019 from http://www.businessworld.in/article/E-Learning-Is-Transforming-The-Face-Of-Education-In-India/01-12-2018-164717/
Madhumita & Mishra, O.P. (2018 April). Access and Awareness of E-Learning by Post Graduate Students. Interaction, 36, 28-36.
Mohan, B. (2018). The Future of Social Work: Seven pillars of practice. New Delhi: Sage Publications India Private Ltd.
Nanda Kumari E & Kavitha E.S. (2018, Nov). Survey on Faculty Members Attitude on Selection Criteria for Digital Archives at Raman Research Institute, Bengaluru. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 9(11), 1999-2007.
Niavanda, A. & Niavanda, H. (2012). Globalization and Challenges of E-Learning in the Era of Information Technology. Asian Journal of Development Matters, 6(3), 1-6.
Saini, R. (2018, Nov 08). Mapping the growth of digital learning in India. Retrieved on January 27, 20-19 from https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/mapping-the-growth-of-digital-learning-in-india/story-7xNIM3M9yZTwurCt80d6cP.html
Sood, A.D. (2001, Oct 27). How to Wire Rural India Problems and Possibilities of Digital Development. Economic & Political Weekly, pp. 4134-4141.
Spariosu, M.I. (2018). Remapping Knowledge: Intercultural Studies for a Global Age.
Berghahn Books, Brooklyn NY.
Subramanian B. (2018, July-Dec). Information Seeking Behaviour of Students at Karpagam University, Coimbatore in Digital Environment. Library Progress (International), 38(2), 175-180.
Sugandi, L. & Kurniyawant, Y. (2018). The Influence of Information Technology on the Information and Service Quality for the Teaching and Learning. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 13(12), 230-237.
Tyagarajan, S. (2016, Oct 31). eLearning Market in India – Challenges & Opportunities. Retrieved on January, 2019 from http://www.iamwire.com/2016/10/elearning-market-in-india-challenges-opportunities/120567
Vij, D. (2018 Sept). Digital India: A Vision to Empower Rural India. A s i a n J o u r n a l o f M u l t i d i m e n s i o n a l R e s e a r c h, 7(9), 402-413.
Wikramanayake, G. (2005). Impact of Digital Technology on Education. 24th National Information Technology Conference. Retrieved on December 27, 2018 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/216361364_Impact_of_Digital_Technology_on_Education