The Willingness to Pay for Improving Drinking water supply in Tamil Nadu: A Case study of tannery water pollution in Vellore District


  • XAVIER SUSAIRAJ A Department of Economics, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Tirupattur, Tamil Nadu- 635 601
  • A Premkumar Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Sacred Heart College (Autonomous), Tirupattur, Tamil Nadu- 635 601



Tannery water pollution, Willingness to Pay, Leather, Tanning, Health


Tannery pollution and the resulting health impacts are a worldwide problem. Due to the cheap labour availability and tax pollution regulation leather tanning has become a popular export earning industry in countries like India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Given its huge potential for export earnings and local economic livelihood especially for poor households, its adverse health impacts seem to have been ignored. Also thus far there has been no systematic economic valuation study in India. This also attempts to estimate the health cost of this industry to people including those very households that have made leather tanning their livelihood. Therefore the present research study aims to examine economic valuation of human health impact of the pollution from the tannery industry in Vellore district, using the Willingness to Pay method. Vellore district in Tamil Nadu state of India is purposively selected because of its larger number of tanneries.


Baral, N., Gautam, R., Timilsina, N., Bhat, M., (2007). “Conservation Implication of Contingent Valuation of critically endangered white rumped vulture GYPS hemgalensis in South Asia”, International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, 3: 1-12.

Bhardwaj, B., Baland. J.M., and Nepal Mani (2020). “What makes a ban on plastic bags effective? The case of Nepal”, Environment and Development Economics, 25(2): 95-111.

Genius, M., Hatzaki, E, Kouromickelaki, E.M. (2008). “Evaluating consumer willingness to pay for improved water quality and quantity”, Water Resource Management.

Hanemann, M.W., (1984). “Welfare Evaluations in Contingent Valuation Experiments with discrete responses”, Journal of American Agriculture, 66 (3): 331-334.

Kayaga, S., Calvert, J., Sansom. K., (2003). “Pay in for water services; effects of household characteristics”, Utilities Policy, 11: 123-132.

Mckenzie., D., and Ray, I. (2009). “Urban water supply in India: Status, reforms options and possible lessons”, Water Policy, 11: 442-460.

Nallathiga, R. and Paravastu, R.B. (2004). “Benefit Estimation of River Water Quality Conservation Using Contingent Valuation Survey: a Case-Study in the Yamuna River Sub-basin”, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economics Thirteenth Annual Conference, Budapest, Hungary.

Rai. R.K. Bhattarai. D., D Newpane, S. (2019). “Designing Solid Waste Collection strategy in small municipalities of developing countries using choice experiment”, Journal of Urban Management, 8(3): 386-395.

Richard faller, Karti Sandilya and David (2019). “Pollution and Health Metrics: Global, Region and Country Analysis”, Global Alliance on Health and Pollution.

Smita Misra, Bishwanath Golder. (2008). “Likely impact of reforming water supply and sewerage services in Delhi”, Economic Political Weekly, XLM (41): 57-66.

Srivastava, V., Ismail, S.A., Sing, P., Singha, R.P. (2015). “Urban Solid Waste Management in the developing world with emphasis on India: Challenges and Opportunities”, Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, 14(2): 317-337.

Statistical Handbook of Tamil Nadu (2018). Department of Economics and Statistics, Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai.

Tamil Nadu Water Board (2012). Palar Water Sample Vellore.

Tesfa Gebrie, Ebissa Gadissa, Imran Ahmad, Mithas Ahmad Dar, Afera Halefom Teka, Asirat Teshome Tolosa, Ermias Sisay Brhane, and Assefa Fenta.(2018). “Groundwater resources evaluation using geospatial technology”, Environmental Geosciences, 25(1): 25-35.

Thi, N. B.D., Kumar, G., Lin, C.Y. (2015). “An overview of food waste management in developing countries: current status and future perspective”, Journal of Environmental Management, 157: 220-229.

United Nations (2018). “World Urbanization prospects: The 2018 revision”, New York: The United Nations.

Varshney C.K., (2002), “Water pollution and management”, New Age International Publishing ltd, New Delhi.

Venkaiah Naidu (2018). “Conserve every drop, before the water crisis situation turns more alarming, we have collectively act- how and here”. The Hindu, March 22.

World Bank (1993). “The demand for water in rural areas”, The world bank determinants and policy implications. The World Bank Research Observer, 8(1): 47-70.

Zachary A, Wendling, John W. Emersons, Alexander Sherbinin, Daniel C. Esty. (2020). “Environmental Performance Index India”- Yale Centre for Environmental Law and Policy.



How to Cite

A, X. S. and Premkumar, A. (2021) “The Willingness to Pay for Improving Drinking water supply in Tamil Nadu: A Case study of tannery water pollution in Vellore District”, Journal of Global Economy, 17(2), pp. 91–103. doi: 10.1956/jge.v17i2.618.