A TREND AND EFFECT OF POPULATION IN INDIA: A SCENARIO ANALYSIS
TREND AND EFFECT OF POPULATION IN INDIA: A SCENARIO ANALYSIS
Keywords:Environment, Food production, Overpopulation, Sustainable development, species
Introduction: Population growth is critical for sustainable development in the true sense. Overpopulation indicates a scenario in which the population of a living species exceeds the carrying capacity of its ecological niche. So far, India's family planning programmes have seen only limited success because the programmes have not tackled the issue in a holistic way. Methodology: The paper aims to examine the trend and effect of population in India. This study is descriptive in nature based basically on data of secondary sources collected from government offices, books, articles, various census reports, and websites published in different times. Result and Discussion: India occupies 2.4 per cent of the world's land area and supports over 17.5 per cent of the world's population. There are some vital impacts of overpopulation such as Food Shortage, Deforestation, Water shortage, Energy, Extinction, etc. Conclusion: Stabilising population is an essential requirement for promoting sustainable development. India's population policy needs to be based on concrete measures that not only help to solve our population problem but also helps the poor to improve their lives in tangible and meaningful ways.
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